Les faïences françaises - menus
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Les carreaux de faïence.


Les carreaux dans le temps

Les carreaux de terre prennent la suite des pavages dont les Romains avaient introduit l'usage en Gaule.

Puis apparaissent :

  • du Xe au XIIe siècle, les carreaux de terre cuite vernissée unicolores, verts ou bruns, principalement au sud de la France,
  • du XIIe au XVIIIe siècle, les carreaux de terre cuite vernissée bicolores puis polychromes,
  • enfin aux XIXe et XXe siècles, les carreaux de grès polychromes, de grès-cérame et les carreaux de ciment.

Sans doute importée de Mongolie, la faïence est utilisée au Ixe siècle en Irak. Son emploi se répand dans tout le bassin méditerranéen jusqu'en Espagne, occupée par les Arabes.

Selon leur solidité, ils égaieront :

  • soit les sols s'ils sont en terre cuite, grès ou ciment,
  • soit les murs s'ils sont en faïence (à de rares exceptions près).

Texte extrait du livre "Le Monde Carré" de Benoit FAY

Le monde carré


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